Tuesday, 21 July 2015

Complete Baby Care


  1. Babies Daily Care
     2. Baby’s Emotional Development

     3. ‘Baby, No’

     4. Crawl baby

     5. Creating a Safe Environment for Your Newborn Baby


     7. Illness signs

     8. MISTAKE NEW PARENTS MAKE (Identified and managed)

     9. Slumber time

   10. Watery tales

   11. Which Cough is That?

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Myths about Babies

Myths About Babies

Myth: babies need to poop at least once a day
Parents often think a baby is constipated when he’s not. Newborns often have several bowel movements a day, but they may poop as little as every three to four days at about two months to three months of age. 

If bowel movements are very hard and infrequent, or you see blood in the diaper, however, call your paediatrician.

Myth: babies who achieve milestones early are gifted.
When a child first walks or talks, has little or no bearing on his later successes, research shows. Many parents support the idea of giftedness at birth, but this is not supported by the evidence. In fact, in some cases, early “achievements” may indicate a potential problem – for example, showing an inclination to be left – or right – handed before 18 months of age (children should use both hands equally until this age).

Myth: touching your baby’s soft spot can hurt his brain.
The fontanel, or soft spot, at the front of your baby’s head is a skin that pulsates, frightening some parents. There’s a presumption of vulnerability, but the brain is actually quite well protected. 

The front fontanel typically closes at about one year of age, while the smaller soft spot in the back of the head usually closes at two months to three months.

Myth: babies’ cries are always distinguishable.
This isn’t the case every time. It doesn’t make you a bad mum if you can’t fix every problem. You and your baby need to get to know one another, and that takes time.

Myth: newborn babies just eat and sleep all the time.
Ok, they do eat and sleep a lot, but in between the eating and sleeping, they have a lot to do. Newborns babies are not the happy little bundles that we like to imagine that they are. Instead they are very intent human beings struggling against very difficult circumstances to overcome blindness, deafness and immobility. 

At birth, a baby is functionally blind, deaf, insensate and immobile. The sensory and motor pathways grow and develop based upon stimulation.

Myth: A baby’s development is predetermined based on fixed milestones.
There is no preset alarm clock that determines when a baby will gain a new ability. New abilities are determined by stimulation and appropriate visual, auditory and tactile stimulation is given with the proper frequency, intensity and duration.

Myth: if you don’t hold/nurse your baby in the first new hours after delivery, you won’t bond adequately.
Although research has shown that the first few hours of a baby’s life are important, your relationship with your baby lasts a lifetime. Women who have had C-sections, have babies who are born needing immediate medical interventions or have adopted need not be so hard on themselves. 

A loving relationship over the child’s lifetime will more than make up for those missing few hours or even days or weeks of separation.

For example, a newborn baby usually has a less than perfect light reflex. This light reflex is seen when the baby is exposed to light and the pupil constricts in response to that light. The sooner this reflex matures and becomes consistent, the sooner that baby will develop the ability to see outline and then detail. Both of these abilities allow the baby to see the mother’s face and begin to make sense of the visual world in most babies, this reflex is stimulated by accident whenever the baby is taken from darkness to light. But mother can arrange for that ‘accident’ to happen with greater frequency and intensity so that the visual pathway grows more quickly in response to the enhanced stimulation. This is very easy to do and requires very little time, but it means that the baby gains the ability to see detail weeks or months earlier than he would have done if we had relied upon ‘accidental stimulation.’

Myth: it is good to talk “baby talk” to the baby.
Adults should always use the very best language and vocabulary when talking to the baby. Each day the baby’s understanding grows in leaps and bounds. 

Baby talk is essentially disrespectful of the intellectual ability of the tiny baby. The baby has the right to hear his native tongue spoken properly, not in a degrade fashion that the baby will have to unlearn later.

Myth: babies cannot talk
The baby is actually trying to communicate almost all the time. It isn’t easy because the baby can’t make sounds that we adults understand as words. As a result, we often assume the sounds he makes are meaningless. 

The sounds the baby makes are not like language. They are language. All sounds are language. The baby does not waste his breath. Always listen to your baby. Be willing to wait for a response. Accept the fact the baby decides whether to respond or not; it is his choice. Respond to what he says. 

Welcome enthusiastically every effort the baby makes to talk. It is vital for the baby to know that his mother knows that he is talking.

Myth: it is good stimulation for the baby to have a playpen, jumper, walker, etc.
These devices actually prevent the baby from learning how to move and explore the world. When the baby is given the opportunity to be on his belly on the floor, he will move. But too often the baby is placed in a high chair, backpack, playpen, baby seat or walker. 
The baby should be free to move on his belly as much as possible, and confined, bundled up or restricted as little as possible.

Myth: babies have a short attention span.
Babies have superb attention, interest and enthusiasm for everything in the environment. They pay attention to 10 things at once instead of focusing on one thing at a time like adults do. This is one reason why they learn so quickly. They may not pay attention to what we want them to pay attention to, and this may be frustrating to us. 

We would do better to find out what interests the baby and pay more attention to that with the baby.

Myth: learning begins in school
Learning begins at birth or before. The brain grows explosively between conception and age six. 

Learning is actually an inverse function of age – the younger the baby is, the faster he will learn…his happiness, health and general well-being are also significantly improved by stimulation and opportunity.   

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Baby and You


Throughout your baby's stay in your womb during pregnancy, she has been receiving
nourishment through the placenta that is connected to your uterus. The placenta is connected
to baby's stomach. After baby is born, the cord is cut and clamped, leaving a stump that
is about 2-3cm long. The stump will change colour from yellowish green to brown to black,
and will eventually drop off in about two weeks after birth. Here are some tips in caring
for your baby's umbilical stump:

      Keep the stump clean. Parents were once told to clean the stump with rubbing alcohol after every diaper change. However, researchers now suggest that it is better to let the stump dry off on its own. If the stump becomes dirty or sticky, gently wash with water and dry with a soft piece of cloth or by fanning it with a piece of paper.

      Keep the stump dry. Expose the stump to air to help dry it out, and fold baby's diaper below the stump. In warm weather, let baby wear just a diaper and a shirt to speed up the drying process. Avoid bodysuit or romper styled outfits until the stump falls off.

Avoid tub baths (immersing baby in water) until after the stump falls off. In the meantime, baby can be given sponge baths, or wiped down with a wet soft towel.

      Contact your doctor if baby develops an infection. Signs of infection include fever, the navel area becomes red or swollen, continues to bleed, or oozes yellowish pus.

A crying newborn is something all new parents dread, and yet, is inevitable. A crying baby is trying to tell you something, and it is a parent's task to figure out why baby is crying, and what you can do about it. In time, you will learn to distinguish your baby's crying patterns, which will in turn reduce the need for crying. If your newborn is crying, she is probably trying to say:

      I'M hungry. This would be the most common reason why your baby cries. Keep in mind that a newborn's stomach is very small and cannot hold much, thus making them hungry frequently. This is especially so if you are breastfeeding, as breastmilk is more easily digestible compared to formula, thus causing baby to want to be fed more frequently. Respond to early signs of hunger, as some babies may get frantic when hunger strikes.

            I'm wet. Most babies feel uncomfortable with a soiled diaper, and hence the bawling out. Some babies however, may not be too bothered with a soiled diaper, but prolonged contact with urine and poop may cause skin irritation and this will inevitably lead to a crying baby.

      I'm tired. One may assume that babies automatically fall asleep when they are tired. This is not the case. Many babies don't fall asleep easily - Some may also find it difficult adjusting to bright lights and sounds. Try to eliminate any existing stimulation and babywear your little one, as they may find it soothing.

      I'm feeling hot or cold. Take care not to overdress your newborn, especially in tropical weather. If baby is in an air-conditioned room, ensure that she is suitably dressed. The general rule of thumb is that babies need one more layer of clothing than adults to be comfortable.

      I want to be held. A new world outside the womb can be overwhelming for a newborn. Cuddling and physical contact can comfort your baby. Swaddling and baby wearing can help recreate comforts of the womb.

      I don't feel so well. Sometimes a newborn may cry because they are not feeling well physically. During the first few months, colic may be the main culprit. A colicky baby may cry long and loud, and clench her fists or arch her back when crying.
      As upsetting as it may sound, it is said that almost nothing works for colic, and babies will outgrow it in time. Different mothers have different methods which they say work for their colicky babies, among them:
                # Burp your baby after every feed to avoid painful wind.
                # Expose baby to repetitive movement or motion such as rocking motions,
                    swinging, pushing in a pram or even car rides.
                # Massaging baby's tummy to help release wind and poop.

                # If baby is bottle-fed, try switching teats or bottle to an anti-colic one.

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